Pasado Continuo

Este tiempo verbal se usa para expresar una acción que se estaba realizando en un momento o en una fecha determinada en el pasado. En este tiempo verbal se debe usar el pasado del verbo To Be (WAS /woz/, o WERE /we:r/) más el gerundio de un verbo principal. Las expresiones de tiempo que normalmente se usan con el pasado contínuo son aquellas que indican una hora exacta en el pasado, como at 10 o´clock this morning /at tén oklók δis mó:niη/, at midday last Sunday /at míddei lá:st sándi/, etc.

También son importantes las expresiones compuestas por When + SUBJECT + Past Tense como When I got home last night /wen ai got hóum la:st náit/.

Lea, escuche y aprenda:

  • I was driving to the airport at 10 o´clock this morning. /ai woz dráiviη tu δi éarpo:rt at ten oklók δis mó:niη/

(Yo iba conduciendo al aeropuerto a las 10 de esta mañana)

  • They were playing football at midday last Sunday. /δéi we:r pléiη fútbol at míddei lá:st sándi/

(Ellos estaban jugando fútbol al mediodía el domingo pasado)

  • He was visiting his parents in Detroit on the 5th of June. /hí: woz vízitiη hiz péarents in ditróit on δe fifθ ov dllú:n/

(El estaba visitando a sus padres en Detroit el 5 de junio)

  • I was sleeping when the telephone rang last night. /ái woz slí:piη wen de télifoun ræη la:st náit/

(Yo estaba durmiendo cuando sonó el teléfono anoche)

  • We were having lunch when our friend Jack arrived last Sunday. /wí: we:r hæviη lantch wen áuer frénd dllæk arráivd lá:st sándi/

(Nosotros estábamos almorzando cuando nuestro amigo Jack llegó el Domingo pasado)

La forma negativa se expresa usando la palabra NOT después de was/were. Normalmente se usan las contracciones WASN´T /wóznt/ o WEREN´T /wé:rent/:

Lea, escuche y aprenda:

  • I was not driving to the airport at 10 o´clock this morning. /ai wóznt dráiviη…/
  • They were not playing football at midday last Sunday. /dei wé:rent pléiiη…/
  • He wasn´t visiting his parents in Detroit on the 5th of June. /hi: wóznt vízitiη…/
  • I wasn´t sleeping when the telephone rang last night. /ai wóznt sli:piη…/
  • We weren´t having lunch when our friend Jack arrived last Sunday. /wi: wé:rent hæviη lántch… /

La forma interrogativa se expresa mediante la inversión del orden del sujeto y los verbos WAS/WERE (o las contracciones WASN´T/WEREN´T)

Lea, escuche y aprenda:

  • Was I driving to the airport at 10 o´clock this morning? /woz ái dráiviη…/
  • Were they playing football at midday last Sunday? /we:r δéi pléiiη…/
  • Wasn´t he visiting his parents in Detroit on the 5th of June? /wóznt hi: vízitiη…/
  • Weren´t you sleeping when the telephone rang last night? /wé:rent iú slí:piη…/

En las preguntas introducidas con palabras interrogativas como What, Where, Why, etc. se debe mantener el mismo orden de las interrogaciones simples:

Lea, escuche y aprenda:

  • What were you reading when the teacher entered the room? /wót we:r iú rí:diη…/
  • Where were they playing football at midday last Sunday? /wéar we:r δei pléiiη fútbol…/
  • Why weren´t they having lunch when Jack arrived? /wái wé:rnt δei hæviη lántch…/
  • Why wasn´t he working at 9 o´clock this morning? /wái wóznt hí: wé:rkiη…/

La pregunta más frecuente en este tiempo verbal es:

What were you doing…? /wót we:r iú: dúiη…/ (¿Qué estaba haciendo ud….?)

El Pasado Continuo, es un tiempo verbal que describe acciones que estaban siendo realizadas en un momento del pasado al que se hace referencia y que luego continuaron, por ejemplo:

  • Yesterday he was studying English. Ayer él estaba estudiando inglés.

(Comenzó a estudiar antes de ese momento y continuó estudiando posteriormente)

  • John was playing tennis at 10 a.m. John estuvo jugando tenis a las 10 a.m.

(Comenzó a jugar tenis antes de las 10 a.m. y continuó haciendolo después)

 

EJERCICIOS

Ex. 1. Complete the following sentences using the verbs given in parentheses in the Past Continuous Tense

1. The sun _________________________when Peter got up this morning. (shine)

2. Bill _________________________the report when Mr. Jenkins entered the room. (read)

3. The students ___________________________rugby when it began to rain. (play)

4. We ________________________the road when the accident happened. (cross)

5. At that time, everyone _________________________to go to work. (get ready)

6. I ________________________to the coast when the car broke down. (drive)

7. We ________________________near the river that evening. (camp)

8. Ann ________________________in Germany when the war broke out. (live)

9. When we got to the station, the train ________________________. (leave)

10. We ________________________when the lights went out last night. (have dinner)

11. Mrs. Brown ____________________________the shopping when she had the accident. (do)

12. Mary and John _______________________________in the park when we saw them yesterday. (walk)

Ex. 2. Change the following sentences into a) negative form, and b) interrogative form :

1. She was having a bath. ___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

2. We were running down the road. ___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

3. The soldiers were doing exercise ___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

4. Alice was making the beds. ___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

5. The children were watching TV. ___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

6. The men were going to work. ___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

7. The boys were studying for a test. ___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

Ex. 3. Ask questions using question words like Who, Where, What, How, etc. In each case, the underlined part must be the answer to your question.

1. They were walking in the park at midday. ___________________________________________________

2. Mary was eating a sandwich in her room. ___________________________________________________

3. Peter wasn´t working because he was on vacation. ___________________________________________________

4. The generals were working in the conference room. ___________________________________________________

5. I was getting dressed when you called me up this morning. ______________________________________________

6. Mrs. White was lying on the sofa because she was tired. _________________________________________________

7. The soldiers were jogging when it began to rain. ___________________________________________________

8. Bob was taking a shower when the fire started. ___________________________________________________

9. When the war broke out, they were living in the north of France. __________________________________________

10. More than ten people were standing outside the building. _______________________________________________

Ex. 4. Translate the following sentences into English:

1. Ellos estaban jugando bridge a esa hora. ___________________________________________________

2. Yo no estaba durmiendo cuando ellos llegaron ___________________________________________________

3. Juan y sus amigos estaban mirando TV en ese momento . _______________________________________________

4. Cuando llegué, todos estaban conversando ___________________________________________________

5. ¿Qué estaba haciendo ud. a esa hora? ___________________________________________________

6. ¿Por qué no estaban ellos trabajando ese día? ___________________________________________________

7. ¿Dónde estaban viviendo tus padres cuando se conocieron? ____________________________________________

8. ¿Qué estabas haciendo a esta hora ayer? ___________________________________________________

9. Yo estaba escuchando las noticias en ese momento. ___________________________________________________

Ex. 5. Answer the following questions in English. Give complete answers.

1. What were you doing at this time yesterday? ___________________________________________________

2. Where were you working in December last year? ___________________________________________________

3. Where were your parents living when they got married? __________________________________________________

4. What were you doing when Jack phoned you last night? _________________________________________________

Ex. 6. (Review) Fill in the blank spaces using the verbs provided in the appropriate verb tense. You must use either the Past Simple or the Past Continuous Tenses only.

1. I ___________________________ very well last night. (sleep)

2. I ___________________________ soundly when you ______________________________ last night. (sleep…arrive)

3. They _______________________ to the office when I __________________________them this morning. (go..see)

4. Peter _______________________ his wife Lynda when he __________________________ in Chicago (meet… live)

5. We ________________________ golf when it ______________________________ to rain yesterday. (play…begin)

6. Bill ________ not _____________ in the office when the boss ____________________ into the room. (work…walk)

7. When John ______________________ us last night, we ____________________________ ( call on…have dinner)

8. Peter _______________________ the accident while he _______________________________ home. (have…drive)

9. What _______________________ you ______________________________________ last Saturday afternoon? (do)

10. What _______________________ you ________________________________________ at this time yesterday? (do)

11. Mr. Johnson ______________________ in New York when he _____________________chairman of the company.

(work…become)

12. He _________________________ the newspaper while he ______________________the bus to work. (read…ride)

PART I

Ex. 1. 1. was shining 2. was reading 3.were playing 4. were crossing 5. was getting ready 6. was driving 7. were camping 8. was living 9. was leaving 10. were having dinner 11. was doing 12. were walking

Ex. 2. 1. She wasn´t having… / Was she having…? 2. We weren´t running… / Were we running…? 3. The soldiers weren´t doing… / Were the soldiers doing…? 4. Alice wasn´t making… / Was Alice making…? 5. The children weren´t watching… / Were the children watching…? 6. The men weren´t going… / were the men going…? 7. The boys weren´t studying… / Were the boys studying…?

Ex. 3. 1.What were they doing in the park at midday? 2. What was Mary eating in her room? 3. Why wasn´t Peter working? 4. Where were the generals working? 5. What were you doing when I called you up this morning? 6. Why was Mrs. White lying on the sofa? 7. What were the soldiers doing when it began to rain? 8. What was Bob doing when the fire started? 9. Where were they living when the war broke out? 10. How many people were standing outside the building?

Ex. 4. 1.They were playing bridge at that time. 2. I wasn´t sleeping when they arrived. 3. John and his friends were watching TV at that moment. 4. When I arrived, everyone was talking. 5. What were you doing at that time? 6. Why weren´t they working that day? 7. Where were your parents living when they met? 8. What were you doing at this time yesterday? 9. I was listening to the news at that moment.

Ex. 5. (Open answers) 1. I was… (at this time yesterday.) 2. I was working… (in December last year). 3. They were living in… (when they got married / then). 4. I was… (when he phoned me last night)

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